Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Ans-Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all India examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in Engineering and Technology. The GATE score of a candidate reflects a relative performance of a candidate. The score is used for admissions to post-graduate engineering program (eg. M.E., M.Tech, direct Ph.D.) in Indian higher education institutes (IITs, NITs, IIScetc) with financial assistance provided by MHRD and other Government agencies. The score may also use by Public sector unit ads for employment screening purposes.
Ans-There are various reasons for one to go for GATE:
  • It opens avenue for an individual to pursue M.E./M.Tech./ M.Sc. Engg. Program in premier institutes of the country.
  • Master's degree is required for Faculty/Research positions in educational Institutes and most of the R&D centers.
  • Scholarship of Rs 12400/- is paid during masters course, allowing one to live an independent life.
  • GATE qualified candidates are also eligible for the award of Junior Research Fellowship in CSIR Laboratories and CSIR sponsored projects.
  • Some government organizations (PSUs) prescribe GATE qualification as a requirement.
  • Based on the GATE score, some of the foreign university (Like NTU, Singapore) offers Ph.D. position without any GRE score.
  • Candidate must have either completed Bachelors in Engineering/Technology/Architecture or those who are in the final year of such programmes can apply.
  • Master's degree holders in any branch of Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final or pre-final year of such programmes.
  • Candidates in the second or higher year of the Four-year Integrated Master's degree programme (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology or in the third or higher year of Five-year Integrated Master's degree programme and Dual Degree programme in Engineering/ Technology.
  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examination conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

Ans-Number of attempts is not restricted. The best of the valid GATE score is accepted which we provide in application form. The GATE score is valid for 3 years.

Ans-There is no age limit for GATE.

Ans-A candidate is allowed to appear in ONLY ONE of the 23 papers for which GATE examination is being held, the candidate has to make the choice of the paper he/she wishes to write carefully.

Ans-No, there is no limit for attempting GATE.

Ans-Yes, a student can appear for the exams even if she/he is having backlogs. However, in such case, the following documents should be provided to GATE.

  • Either a copy of any one of the final year mark sheet
  • Or a letter from the principal, stating details about the backlog and it being the reason for not being able to produce a pass certificate currently.

Ans-No. Bring the admit card at the test center along with at least one original (not photocopied / scanned copy) and valid (not expired) photo identification. ONLY one of the following photo identifications is permitted: Driving license, Passport, PAN Card, Voter ID, College ID, Employee identification card, or a notarized Affidavit with Photo, Signature, Date of Birth and Residential Address. Photocopies of the original identification document are not acceptable. Candidates will not be permitted to take the test if original and valid photo identification is not presented.

Ans-Yes, A scribble pad will be provided to the candidate that can be used to do rough work. The candidate has to return the scribble pad after the examination gets over.

Ans-Students are not allowed to carry calculator with themselves physically in the examination hall. But Students will be provided with an online scientific calculator embedded in the Test Frame.

Ans-The GATE scorecard contains:

  • 1. All India Rank (Branch specific)
  • 2.GATE score (with respect to all the participants in GATE exam, across all branches)
  • 3. Absolute marks scored

Ans-The validity of GATE score has been revised and it is valid for THREE YEARS from the date of announcement of results.

Ans-Application Fee has been revised as shown below:
Women CandidatesRs. 750
SC / ST / PwD Category CandidatesRs. 750
All Other CandidatesRs. 1500

The application process is explained below :
GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS):
An online interface is provided for most of applicant’s interaction with the GATE office. With this interface an applicant can

  • 1. Do Enrolment using .New User Register here.
  • 2. Fill the online application form
  • 3. Upload photograph and signature and other documents like graduation certificate/certificate from principle, caste certificate (if applicable) etc.
  • 4. Pay the application fee through net-banking
  • 5. Check the Status of your application form: Received, Under Scrutiny, Accepted, Defect Status, Status after Rectification, Rejected with Valid Reasons, Admit Card Ready for Download, etc.
  • 6. Contact the Zonal GATE office in case of any queries/problems.
  • 7. Download Admit Card.
  • 8. View your answers, marks and GATE score.
The login to this interface is through your GOAPS Enrolment ID and a GOAPS password. the Keep this information safe and do not disclose it to anyone.

Browser Settings
Please set the following browser settings to ensure that the application process is error free
Enable Cookies

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  • 3. In IE: Tools > Internet Options > Privacy > Advanced button > Check Override Automatic Cookie Handling > Click on Accept radio buttons > Always allow session cookies.
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  • 2. In Firefox: Tools (or Edit) > Options (or Preferences)> Content > Enable JavaScript.
  • 3. In IE: Tools > Internet Options > Security > Custom Level... > Scroll down to get Scripting > Enable Active Scripting.

Filling in Application Online

  • 1. GOAPS: GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS website) can be accessed from the website of the respective Zonal GATE Offices or from the website of the GATE 2015 Organizing Institute.
  • 2. Registration: You must first register yourself, by providing a valid email address, mobile number and a GOAPS password. Choose the email id that you check frequently, as all communications to you from the GATE Offices will be sent to this address (DO NOT USE ANYBODY ELSE.S e-mail ADDRESS). Give your personal mobile number because most of the communications may also be sent via SMS.
  • 3. GOAPS Password: This will be the password that you will be providing to the GOAPS during the Enrolment. You must remember this along with the GOAPS Enrolment ID to login to GOAPS. Choose a password that cannot be guessed easily (it should NOT be your name, date of birth, or some string of numbers or letters like 12345, abcd, etc.), so as to ensure that the data you provide is not accessible to any person other than yourself. Length of the password should be 8 -15 characters.
  • 4. GOAPS Enrolment ID: Upon registration, an email and SMS containing your GOAPS Enrolment ID will be sent to you. You need to remember this along with the GOAPS password for all GATE 2015 related communications/website operations.
  • 5. Data Requirement for Application Filling: Before you login to GOAPS using Enrolment ID and Password, keep the following information ready:
    • a. Personal information (name, date of birth, your personal mobile number, parent’s name, parent’s mobile number etc.)
    • b. Address for Communication (including PIN code)
    • c. Eligibility degree details (College address, PIN code of college)
    • d. GATE paper, choice of GATE Examination Cities
    • e. High quality image of your photograph conforming to the requirements specified in Photograph Requirements.
    • f. Good quality image of your signature conforming to the requirements specified in Signature Specifications.
    • g. Scanned copy of Degree Certificate or Certificate from Principal/HODs in pdf format only
    • h. Scanned copy of Category/PWD Certificate in pdf format only (if applicable)
    • i. Details of a valid ID Proof that you will carry to the examination hall.
    • j. Your Net banking login and password to make the application fee payment via online net banking mode. In case you are making the payment through debit card/credit card have the following information like debit card/credit card number, password, CVV number ready with you.
  • 6. Application Filling: Fill in the necessary data in the online application form by carefully following instructions given there. You may edit the data at this stage if you require. Upload the required soft copy of photo and signature and Certificate from Principal (duly signed and stamped by the Principal) . Check the correctness of the photo and signature that are uploaded. If you are not satisfied, you may upload them again.
  • 7. You will have to select the payment options (details given below) while filling the online form.
  • 8. The GOAPS allows you to enter data, .Save Partially filled form, .Logout., and resume filling in by logging in again. You may address the error messages that may appear on saving the filled in data.
  • 9. Before you make the payment, you will be shown a .Preview. of your application, where you have to carefully check for any errors.
  • 10. Once you press "Confirm and Final Submit" button, no further changes to the application can be made by you.
  • 11. Problems in Login into GOAPS: This step may be used, if the candidate forgets the password or the Enrolment ID or did not receive the Enrolment ID. Visit the "Problems in Login into GOAPS" link on the GOAPS website.
    • a. In case of forgotten Enrolment ID or non-receipt of Enrolment ID via email, candidate must provide Mobile Number and the GOAPS Password. The Enrolment ID will be sent to the candidate via SMS.
    • b. In case of forgotten password, candidate must provide Mobile Number and Enrolment ID, which will be verified and a new GOAPS password will be sent to the candidate via SMS/email.
    • c. In case of forgotten both Enrolment ID and as well as password or payment has not been made, the candidate must re-enroll. If the payment has been made, then the candidate must contact the Zonal GATE Office.

Photograph Requirements
Please pay attention to upload good quality photograph. Poor quality of photographs submitted will lead to rejection of your GATE application, without any refund of the application fees. The GATE Score card will be printed with the photograph you submit.

  • 1. The photograph must be in color and must be taken in a professional studio. Photograph taken using a Mobile phone and other self-composed portraits are NOT acceptable.
  • 2. Photograph must be taken in a White or a very light background.
  • 3. The photograph must have been taken after 1st July 2014.
  • 4. In the photograph, the height of the face (between chin and the top of the forehead) should occupy about 50% of the height of the photograph.
  • 5. The main features of the face must not be covered by hair of the head, any cloth or any shadow. The photograph must show full frontal view with both ears being visible and eyes open.
  • 6. If you normally wear spectacles, glare on glasses is not acceptable in your photo. Glare can be avoided with a slight downward tilt of the glasses or by removing the glasses for the photo shoot.
  • 7. You must not wear spectacles with dark or tinted glasses, only clear glasses are permitted.
  • 8. Ask your photo studio to provide the image in a JPEG format and also on a standard 3.5 cm × 4.5 cm print (Width X Height).
  • 9. Maximum pixel resolution for JPEG: 480 x 640 (.03 Mega Pixel) (Ask your studio to reduce it to this resolution if it is higher).
  • 10. File size should be between 5KB and 100KB.
  • 11. Minimum pixel resolution for JPEG: 240 x 320.
For your own benefit it may be prudent not to intentionally change your facial features or hair style as in the photograph until the day of the exam.

Signature Specifications

  • 1. Please draw a rectangular box of size 2 x 7 cm (Height x Width) on an A4 white paper. Put your signature with black or dark blue ink pen within this box.
  • 2. Get the signature digitally image scanned by a professional using a scanner, and get the image cropped to the box by the professional.
  • 3. Maintain 120 pixels in width and 420 pixels in height.
  • 4. Only JPEG image formats will be accepted.
  • 5. The maximum pixel resolution for the image is 160 x 560.
  • 6. The minimum pixel resolution for the image is 80 x 280.
Photographs of the signatures taken using mobile phone or digital cameras are not acceptable, and can result in disqualification of the application without any refund of the fee.

Supporting Documents required at different stages are enlisted below:

Eligibility Documents

  • Eligibility criteria and necessary supporting documents can be found from the Eligibility for GATE.

SC/ST/PWD Certificate

  • 1. Applicants who claim to be in any of the category SC/ST/PWD have to submit valid document issued by competent authority, to qualify for the reduced fee.
  • 2. Applicants, who require a scribe to assist writing the exam, also need to provide a valid PWD certificate.

Authorities Empowered to Issue Certificates (SC/ST)

  • 1. District Magistrate/ Additional District Magistrate/ Collector/ Deputy Collector/ Deputy Commissioner/ Additional Deputy Commissioner/ 1st Class Stipendiary Magistrate/ City Magistrate/ Sub-Divisional Magistrate/ Taluk Magistrate/ Executive Magistrate/ Extra Assistant Commissioner.
  • 2. Chief Presidency Magistrate/ Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate/ Presidency Magistrate
  • 3. Revenue Officer not below the rank of Tahsildar
  • 4. Sub-Divisional Officer of the area where the Candidate and/or her/his family normally resides
  • 5. Administrator/ Secretary to Administrator/ Development Officer (Lakshadweep Islands)

PWD Category
In order to avail concession under the PWD category, the candidates should attach a recently obtained proper PWD certificate, which is to be submitted to the admitting institution at the time of admission. The onus of verifying PWD certificate lies with the admitting institute. The GATE committee will not be responsible for any incorrect declaration of the PWD status of candidates.

Certificate from Principal
Candidates who mention that they are yet to complete their course, will receive a "Certificate from Principal". Please download the form from, obtain the signature and seal of the Principle/HOD on this and then upload it.


  • IISc Bangalore - Visit site
  • IIT Bombay - Visit site
  • IIT Delhi - Visit site
  • IIT Guwahati - Visit site
  • IIT Kanpur - Visit site
  • IIT Kharagpur - Visit site
  • IIT Madras - Visit site
  • IIT Roorkee - Visit site

Ans- Degrees for being eligible for GATE are :

Aeronautical Engg.Petroleum / Petro-Chemical Engg. / Technology
Aerospace Engg.Planning
Agricultural Engg.Plastic Technology
Applied MechanicsPolymer Technology / Science
ArchitectureProduction / Industrial Engg.
Automobile Engg.Renewable Energy
Biochemical Engg.Rubber Technology
Biomedical Engg.Textile Engineering &Fibre Science
BiotechnologyAgricultural Science
Ceramic & Glass TechnologyApplied Electronics
Chemical Engg.Applied Physics
Chemical TechnologyBiochemistry
Civil / Environmental / Structural / Construction Engg.Bio-Sciences
Computer Science Engg. / TechnologyChemistry
Control and InstrumentationComputer Applications
Engg. / Electrical and Electronics Engg. / Power EngineeringEarth Sciences
Electro-Chemical Engg.Engineering Physics
Electronics / Comm. / Telecomm Engg.Geology / Geophysics
Energy Engg.Industrial Chemistry
Environmental Engg.Veterinary / Animal Science
Food Technology / Processing Engg.Life Sciences (Botany)
Industrial Engg.Life Sciences (Zoology)
Industrial ManagementMaterials Science
Information Science / TechnologyMathematics / Applied Mathematics
Instrumentation / Electronics / ControlMicrobiology
Instrumentation & Process ControlNano Science & Technology
Manufacturing Engg.Nuclear Physics
Material Science and EngineeringOperations Research
Mechanical Engg.Pharmaceutical Sciences
Medical InstrumentationRadio Physics
Metallurgical Engg / Industrial MetallurgyRadio Physics & Electronics
Mineral Engg. / Mineral DressingStatistics
Mining Engg. / Technology; MachineryTextile Chemistry
Naval Architecture / Marine Engg.Oil Technology
Paint Technology

Ans- In GATE, examination of some papers is being held in multi-sessions. Hence, for these papers, a suitable normalization is applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question papers across different sessions. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that "in all multi-session GATE papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions". This assumption is justified since the number of candidates appearing in multi-session papers in GATE is large and the procedure of allocation of session to candidates is random. Further it is also ensured that for the same multi-session paper, the number of candidates allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude. Based on the above, and considering various normalization methods, the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized marks, multi-session papers. After the evaluation of the answers, normalized marks based on the above formula will be calculated corresponding to the raw marks obtained by a candidate and the GATE 2017 Score will be calculated based on the normalized marks. For all other papers, actual marks obtained will be used for calculating the GATE 2017 Score.

After the evaluation of the answers, normalized marks based on the above formula will be calculated corresponding to the raw marks obtained by a candidate for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME papers and the GATE 2017 Score will be calculated based on the normalized marks.

In the GATE 2017 score formula, Mq is usually 25 marks (out of 100) or μ + σ , whichever is larger. Here μ is the mean and σ is the standard deviation of marks of all the candidates who appeared in the paper.

Ans-Pattern of Question Papers In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks are in General Aptitude (GA).
In the papers bearing the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics will carry around 15% of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 70% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.
In the papers bearing the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

Ans-GATE 2017 would contain questions of two different types in various papers:

  • (i)Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer(s).
  • (ii) Numerical Answer Questions of 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. For these questions the answer is a real number, to be entered by the candidate using the virtual keypad. No choices will be shown for this type of questions.
  • Ans-For a wrong answer chosen for the multiple choice questions, there would be negative marking. For 1 - mark multiple choice questions, 1/3mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2 - mark multiple choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. However, there is no negative marking for a wrong answer in numerical answer type questions.

    Ans-Yes, In all papers, GA questions carry a total of 15 marks. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 5 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 10 marks).

    M.Tech stands for Masters in Technology. The course is a two-year program which offers specialization in the particular area of Engineering.
    M.Tech Specialization in popular streams of engineering are as follows:

    Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

    • VLSI Design Tool Technology
    • Integrated Electronics & Circuits
    • Micro Electronics
    • Microwave Engineering
    • Communication Engg
    • Telecommunication Technology & Management
    • Optoelectronics & Optical Communication
    • Nanotechnology
    • Digital Signal Processing
    • Control & Automation

    Electrical Engineering

    • Power Electronics
    • Machines & Drives
    • Power Systems
    • Control & Automation
    • Digital Signal Processing
    • Instrumentation Technology

    Mechanical Engineering

    • Design of Mechanical Equipment or Machine Design
    • Thermal Engineering
    • Manufacturing Science & Engineering
    • Production Engineering
    • Industrial Engineering
    • Material Science & management

    Civil Engineering

    • Structural Engineering
    • Geotechnical Engineering
    • Construction Engineering &Management
    • Transportation Engineering
    • Environmental Engineering
    • Earthquake Engineering
    • Water Resources Engineering
    • Rock Engineering & Underground Structure

    Computer Science and Engineering & Information Technology

    • Computer Science
    • Information Technology
    • Information Security
    • Software Engineering
    • Distributed Computing
    • Image Processing
    • Computer Systems and Hardware
    • Database and Information Systems
    • Programming languages
    • Computer Networks and Distributed Systems
    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Advanced Computing

    M.Tech from a top-class institute with the best faculty and infrastructure helps a student to work on the best research technologies in India

    • M.Tech helps a student to differentiate himself from other B.Tech graduates.
    • There is scope for better Placements with higher pay and superior job profiles in top PSUs, MNCs and Indian companies both in India and Abroad.
    • M.Tech opens up a lot of career paths in the fields of Teaching, Research and other Core sectors, apart from the existing alternatives
    • Chance to pursue specializations of interest.
    • Opportunity to work in research positions like JRFs, in ISRO/DRDO/BARC/IITs etc
    • Minimum stipend of 12,400/- per month is given to regular students joining colleges under MHRD

    Public Sector Companies and Private sector companies like Tata Steel, Tata Motors, L&T, Analog Devices, ST Micro, Intel, Adobe, Cisco, Oracle, Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and Facebook etc. are recruiting M.Tech students specifically for core roles. The average package offered is 15 - 18 Lacs per annum.

    A student has to perform well in GATE and interview process to qualify for M.Tech admission in IISC/IIT/NIT and many other prestigious institutes. A student must also be careful in selecting the right specialization for pursuing M.Tech.

    During job, a student will be learning how to apply theoretical knowledge into practical, real world problems, but to get the more detailed knowledge of designing/research aspect of your current work, one should go for the masters. Additionally, it's considered difficult to prepare for GATE exam while working. However, with a validity of 3 years for GATE Score, a student can apply for M.Tech admission even after working for a couple of years.

    The number of seats for M.Tech&Phd at IITs was recently increased from 1400 to 10,000.

    Stipend, in form of Half-Time Teaching Assistantship (HTTA), at the rate of Rs.12,400/- p.m. (tenable for a maximum period of 24 months) will be awarded to Indian nationals doing the M.Tech. Programmes, subject to Institute rules.

    Seats are reserved for Indian Nationals under the categories, SC/ ST/ OBC (Non-creamy layer) and PwD (Persons with Disability) according to the Government of India rules. The reservations are as follows: (General - 50.5%, OBC - 27%, SC- 15%, ST- 7.5%)

    Admissions into M. tech Programs is based on GATE Score and interviews/written test. Most of the IIT's give 70% weightage to the GATE score and 30% weightage to the written test and interview marks. The fixing of cut-off score for candidates in different categories shall be as per the norms of the Institute.

    There are some interdisciplinary departments in IITs which permit the students of different streams in same course. For e.g. - Nuclear Engineering Programme at IIT Kanpur allows students from any branch of engineering and Master's degree in Physics or Mathematics.

    Other than IITs, GATE is valid for NITs and other reputed colleges and universities. But, IIT's and some NIT's are much better than any other colleges because they provide an excellent infrastructure, faculty, lab facilities and a conducive ambiance.

    PSUs or public sector undertakings are government organizations for public welfare. There are around 250+ PSUs in India.

    • PSUs offer great salary package with an average salary package of 8-9 Lacs.
    • PSUs offer core job profiles for engineering graduates.
    • Jobs with PSU are always secure irrespective of the economical fluctuations and other national issues.
    • Work life balance is usually good in PSUs.
    • People working for PSU's are treated with a lot of respect by society.

    Currently, more than 30+ PSUs are accepting GATE Score for recruitment like HPCL, BPCL, IOCL, NHPC, NTPC, Power Grid, CONCOR, GAIL, DDA, BHEL, BEL, TCIL, NALCO, MECL, MECON etc.

    The PSUs will release their notification post which applicants have to apply with necessary credentials and GATE Score. After application process is over, the PSUs will release the list of candidates shortlisted for further process (interviews and/or tests) and their dates of further process. After the selection process is over, the PSUs release job offers for selected candidates..

    PSU's offer multiple entry level profiles like Management Trainee, Executive Trainees, Graduate Engineer Trainees, Assistant executive engineer, Junior Engineer Etc.

    The pay package offered by PSUs is in the range of 12 - 15 lakh p.a.

    Interested applicants need to visit the respective website of PSUs for further information on selection process. Please keep visiting our website for further information on PSU recruitment notifications and process.

    Coming soon